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President’s Executive Order Geared Toward Establishing Innovative Education and Job Training to Prepare Americans for the 21st Century Economy
On July 19, 2018, President Trump issued Executive Order 13845 to combat a skills crisis in the United States. EO 13845 seeks to “ensure that America’s students and workers have access to affordable, relevant, and innovative education and job training that will equip them to compete and win in the global economy. . . .” According to the White House fact sheet, new skills will be required to adapt to technological advancements.
EO 13845 establishes: (1) the President’s National Council for the American Worker (Council), which will make workforce related policy recommendations to the President; and (2) the American Workforce Policy Advisory Board (Advisory Board), which will advise the Council.
President’s National Council for the American Worker. The Council will be co-chaired by the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Labor, the Assistant to the President for Domestic Policy, and the Advisor the President overseeing the Office of Economic Initiatives. The EO mandates the Council to develop recommendations related to the American workforce, including on how the Federal Government can help to create and promote workforce development strategies that provide affordable education. The Council’s initial focus includes:
- Raising awareness of workforce related issues such as the skills crisis and the need for companies to invest in the training and re-training of their workers.
- Making recommendations regarding portable credentials by experienced workers, increasing apprenticeship, expanding use of online learning resources, and increasing the understanding of skills that employers need so that educational institutions can recalibrate their efforts toward the development and delivery of more effective training programs.
- Proposing ways to increase access to available job data.
American Workforce Policy Advisory Board. The Advisory Board will be co-chaired by the Secretary of Commerce and the Advisor to the President overseeing the Office of Economic Initiatives. The Advisory Board’s duties include recommending to the Council steps to encourage private sector and educational institutions to invest in and increase demand-driven education, training and re-training, including through apprenticeship and work-based learning opportunities.